About the Authors

Michael Odenwald

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: michael.odenwald@uni-konstanz.de

Affiliation University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Konstanz, Germany

Harald Hinkel

Affiliations Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit, International Services, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia , The World Bank Multi-Country Demobilization and Reintegration Program of the Greater Great Lakes Region, Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo

Elisabeth Schauer

Affiliation Vivo International, Ancona, Italy

Frank Neuner

Affiliation University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Konstanz, Germany

Maggie Schauer

Affiliations University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Konstanz, Germany , Vivo International, Ancona, Italy

Thomas R Elbert

Affiliations University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Konstanz, Germany , Vivo International, Ancona, Italy

Brigitte Rockstroh

Affiliation University of Konstanz, Department of Psychology, Konstanz, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

MO, ES, FN, MS, TRE, and BR developed the study design and selection of instruments. MO, HH, FN, MS, TRE, and BR performed a pilot study. MO, HH, and ES conducted training and supervision of local interviewers. MO, FN, and TRE performed statistical analysis. MO, HH, ES, FN, TRE, and BR composed and revised the article.