About the Authors

Kathryn Berndtson

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kathryn.berndtson@utoronto.ca

Tina Daid
C. Shawn Tracy
Anant Bhan
Emma R. M Cohen
Ross E. G Upshur
Jerome A Singh
Abdallah S Daar
James V Lavery
Peter A Singer

Competing Interests

The authors work on the Ethical, Social and Cultural Program for the Grand Challenges in Global Health initiative, which is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The working paper draft was circulated to the Grand Challenges in Global Health community, including program officers of the supporting foundations who had the opportunity to provide comments.

Author Contributions

CST, ASD, and PAS designed the study. KB, TD, CST, ERMC, and PAS analyzed the data. KB, TD, CST, AB, ERMC, REGU, JAS, ASD, JVL, and PAS contributed to writing the paper. TD, CST, AB, and PAS collected data. CST enrolled key informants.