About the Authors

Jessica Keen, Lena Serghides, Kodjo Ayi, Samir N Patel, Kevin C Kain
Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Lena Serghides, Kevin C Kain
McLaughlin-Rotman Centre, McLaughlin Center for Molecular Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Lena Serghides, Kevin C Kain
University Health Network, Toronto, Canada

John Ayisi, Anne van Eijk
Center for Vector Biology and Control Research, Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya

Richard Steketee, Venkatachalam Udhayakumar
Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Corresponding Author

kevin.kain@uhn.on.ca

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

KCK designed the study with JK, LS, KA, SNP, JA, AvE, RS, and VU. JA, AvE, RS, and VU organized collection of clinical samples and clinical data. JK, LS, KA, and SNP conducted the experiments. JK, LS, and KCK analysed the data with input from all authors. JK wrote the manuscript with input from all the authors.