About the Authors

Laurent Marsollier, Gilles Reysset, Stewart T Cole
Unité de Génétique Moléculaire Bactérienne, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Laurent Marsollier, Estelle Deniaux, Agnès Marot, Jean-Paul Saint-André, Pierre Legras, Bernard Carbonnelle
Groupe d'Etude des Interactions Hôtes Pathogènes, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire et Faculté de Pharmacie d'Angers, Angers, France

Priscille Brodin
INSERM, Equipe Avenir, Institut Pasteur Korea, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, Korea

Christelle Mbondji Wondje, Sara Eyangoh
Laboratoire des Mycobactéries, Centre Pasteur du Cameroun, Yaoundé, Cameroun

Annick Chauty
Centre de Diagnostic et de Traitement de l'Ulcère de Buruli, Pobè, Bénin

Christian Johnson
Programme National de Lutte contre l'Ulcère de Buruli, Ministère de la Santé Publique, Cotonou, Bénin

Fredj Tekaia
Unité de Génétique moléculaire des levures, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Edouard Yeramian
Unité de Bio-Informatique Structurale, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Pierre Legras
Animalerie Hospitalo-Universitaire, Angers, France

Geneviève Milon
Unité d'Immunophysiologie et Parasitisme Intracellulaire, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Jacques Aubry
INSERM U601, Université de Nantes, Faculté de Pharmacie, Nantes, France

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

LM, ED, AM, AC, CJ, PL, BC, GM, STC, and JA designed the study. LM, ED, PB, AM, AC, FT, EY, PL, BC, GR, GM, STC, and JA analyzed the data. LM, ED, CMW, and AC enrolled patients. LM, ED, PB, AM, CMW, JPSA, AC, CJ, FT, EY, PL, BC, GR, SE, GM, STC, and JA contributed to writing the paper. ED, JPSA, AC, and PL collected data or did experiments for the study. PB performed the human patient serum ELISA analysis. GR did some of the experiments with LM in the laboratory belonging to the Génétique Moléculaire Bactérienne Unit at the Pasteur Institute, and thus participated also in the analysis of the results. SE and CMW collected some arthropods in the endemic region of Cameroon and analysis in salivary glands.