About the Authors

R. F Grais, C Dubray, S Gerstl, J. P Guthmann, K. P Alberti, N Nathan, K Porten, D Sauvageot, P. J Guerin
Epicentre, Paris, France

A Djibo
Ministère de la Santé et de la Lutte contre les Endémies du Niger, Niamey, Niger

K. D Nargaye
Ministère de la Santé Publique, N'Djamena, Chad

J Coker
Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria

A Cochet
Cellule Interrégionale d'Epidémiologie d'Ile-de-France, Paris, France

A Cochet
French Field Epidemiology Training Programme (PROFET), Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint-Maurice, France

C Ihekweazu
Health Protection Agency, Southwest Region, Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom

C Ihekweazu, L Payne, K Porten, B Schimmer
European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training, Stockholm, Sweden

L Payne
Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Stockholm, Sweden

K Porten
Robert Koch-Institute, Berlin, Germany

B Schimmer
Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway

F Fermon
Médecins Sans Frontières, Paris, France

M. E Burny
Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva, Switzerland

B. S Hersh
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

RFG and CD had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. RFG, CD, SG, JPG, KPA, AC, CI, NN, LP, KP, DS, BS, FF, BSH, and PJG participated in the conception and design of either all or individual studies, analysis and interpretation of data, and revising the paper critically for substantial intellectual content. AD, KDN, JC, and MEB revised the paper critically for substantial intellectual content.