About the Authors
Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center, Rockefeller University, New York, New York, United States of America
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America
Bernhard-Nocht Institut Fur Tropenmedizin, Hamburg, Germany
The authors have declared that they do not have commercial or other associations that might cause a conflict of interest.
SM, MAP, and MM designed the study. SM, KTR, PR, and MM analyzed the data. SM, AS, AL, and MM enrolled patients. SM, MAP, KTR, DB, PR, and MM contributed to writing the paper. MAP is the gastroenterologist who performed all the study procedures and specimen collection. SM, PJP, VM, and PL collected data or carried out experiments for the study. KTR and PR provided immunohistochemistry and quantification of T cells in the LP, in situ hybridization and identification of cells with HIV gene expression, and the photomicrographs for this manuscript.