About the Authors
MOMS Project, Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
National Institute for Medical Research, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Muheza Designated District Hospital, Muheza, Tanzania
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America
The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
AM performed statistical analyses, contributed to experimental design, and performed the experiments depicted in Figures 1 and 2 and Table S1. TKM, MF, and PED designed and managed the MOMS project. SE collected clinical data. AM and PED wrote the manuscript, with assistance from the other authors.