About the Authors

Atis Muehlenbachs, Theonest K Mutabingwa, Michal Fried, Patrick E Duffy
MOMS Project, Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Atis Muehlenbachs, Michal Fried, Patrick E Duffy
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Theonest K Mutabingwa
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Theonest K Mutabingwa
National Institute for Medical Research, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Theonest K Mutabingwa, Sally Edmonds
Muheza Designated District Hospital, Muheza, Tanzania

Patrick E Duffy
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

pduffy@sbri.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

AM performed statistical analyses, contributed to experimental design, and performed the experiments depicted in Figures 1 and 2 and Table S1. TKM, MF, and PED designed and managed the MOMS project. SE collected clinical data. AM and PED wrote the manuscript, with assistance from the other authors.