About the Authors

Atis Muehlenbachs, Theonest K Mutabingwa, Michal Fried, Patrick E Duffy
MOMS Project, Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Atis Muehlenbachs, Michal Fried, Patrick E Duffy
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Theonest K Mutabingwa
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Theonest K Mutabingwa
National Institute for Medical Research, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Theonest K Mutabingwa, Sally Edmonds
Muheza Designated District Hospital, Muheza, Tanzania

Patrick E Duffy
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

AM performed statistical analyses, contributed to experimental design, and performed the experiments depicted in Figures 1 and 2 and Table S1. TKM, MF, and PED designed and managed the MOMS project. SE collected clinical data. AM and PED wrote the manuscript, with assistance from the other authors.