About the Authors

Edward J Mills, Jean B Nachega, Sonal Singh, Kumanan Wilson, Curtis Cooper
Centre for International Health and Human Rights Studies, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Jean B Nachega, Sonal Singh
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

David R Bangsberg
San Francisco General Hospital, AIDS Division, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Beth Rachlis
BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Ping Wu
Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine, North York, Ontario, Canada

Kumanan Wilson
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Iain Buchan
Evidence for Population Health Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Christopher J Gill
Center for International Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Curtis Cooper
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

EJM, JN, SS, BR, PW, KW, and CC designed the study. EJM, JN, DRB, SS, BR, PW, and CC analyzed the data. EJM, JN, DRB, SS, BR, PW, KW, IB, CJG, and CC contributed to writing the paper. DRB contributed to the editing of the manuscript and interpretation of data in context of international adherence literature. BR was involved in article selection. PW was involved in paper searching (from abstract to full text), paper review, data extraction and analysis.