About the Authors

John S Brownstein

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: john_brownstein@harvard.edu

Affiliations Children's Hospital Informatics Program at the Harvard–MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America , Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America , Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Cecily J Wolfe

Affiliations Children's Hospital Informatics Program at the Harvard–MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America , Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

Kenneth D Mandl

Affiliations Children's Hospital Informatics Program at the Harvard–MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America , Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America , Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JSB, CJW, and KDM designed the study, analyzed the data, and contributed to writing the paper.