About the Authors

Helen Cox

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: Helenscox@yahoo.com.au

Affiliation The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Yared Kebede

Affiliation Médecins Sans Frontières—Holland, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Sholpan Allamuratova

Affiliation Médecins Sans Frontières—Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Gabit Ismailov

Affiliation Médecins Sans Frontières—Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Zamira Davletmuratova

Affiliation Ministry of Health, Nukus, Uzbekistan

Graham Byrnes

Affiliation Centre for Molecular, Environmental, Genetic, and Analytic Epidemiology, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Christine Stone

Affiliation Department of Human Services, Victoria, Australia

Stefan Niemann

Affiliation National Reference Centre for Mycobacteria, Borstel, Germany

Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes

Affiliation National Reference Centre for Mycobacteria, Borstel, Germany

Lucie Blok

Affiliation Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Daribay Doshetov

Affiliation Ministry of Health, Nukus, Uzbekistan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

HC, YK, and GI conceived and designed the study. HC, SA, ZD and DD coordinated and conducted the data collection. SN and SRG conducted laboratory analyses. HC and GB conducted statistical analyses. HC, CS, and LB wrote the paper with input from all other authors.