About the Authors

Joseph T Wu

Contributed equally to this work with: Joseph T Wu, Steven Riley

Affiliations Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China , School of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Steven Riley

Contributed equally to this work with: Joseph T Wu, Steven Riley

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: steven.riley@hku.hk

Affiliation Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China

Christophe Fraser

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Gabriel M Leung

Affiliation Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JTW, SR, and GML designed the study and interpreted results. JTW and SR designed the model. JTW implemented the model. CF contributed to the model design, and provided some analytical results that were used for validation. SR drafted the paper. JTW, SR, CF, and GML edited the paper.