About the Authors

Hein Sprong, Suzanne M van Dijk
Department of Membrane Enzymology, Bijvoet Center, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands

Monika Suchanek, Christoph Thiele
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Dresden, Germany

Suzanne M van Dijk, Judith Klumperman
Department of Cell Biology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands

Alexandra van Remoortere
Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, Netherlands

Diana Avram
Department of Biochemistry of Lipids, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands

Joke van der Linden, Jeanette H. W Leusen
Immunotherapy Laboratory, Department of Immunology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Netherlands

Jaap J van Hellemond
Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Institute of Biomembranes, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

HS, MS, and CT designed the study. HS, MS, SMvD, AvR, and JK analysed the data. HS, SMvD, JK, JJvH, and CT contributed to writing the paper. HS, SMvD, AvR, JK, DA, JvdL, and JJvH collected data or did experiments for the study. SMvD acquired and analysed the electron microscopy data, and contributed to the writing of the results and methods. JK was responsible for design, performance, analysis, and text of the electron microscopy data. JJvH contributed significantly to the design, performance, data interpretation, and writing of all experiments in which living schistosomes or (non)infected hamsters were used (data presented in Figures 3, 5, and 7). These experiments were conducted in the laboratory of JJvH.