About the Authors

Hongye Liu

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: hongye.liu@childrens.harvard.edu

Affiliations Children's Hospital Informatics Program, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America , Department of Newborn Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Alvin T Kho

Affiliations Children's Hospital Informatics Program, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America , Harvard–Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Isaac S Kohane

Affiliations Children's Hospital Informatics Program, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America , Harvard–Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Yao Sun

Affiliations Children's Hospital Informatics Program, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America , Department of Newborn Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America , Harvard–Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ISK originally introduced HL and YS to the idea that human cancer can be examined through the lens of murine development. YS and HL designed the study. HL analyzed the data. ATK and YS provided direction on data analysis. HL, ATK, ISK, and YS contributed to writing the paper.