About the Authors

Kristinn P Magnusson

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kristinn.p.magnusson@decode.is (KPM), E-mail: kang.zhang@hmbg.utah.edu (KZ), E-mail: jeffrey.gulcher@decode.is (JRG)

Affiliation DeCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

Shan Duan

Affiliations Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America, Program in Human Molecular Biology and Genetics, Eccles Institute of Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Gaung Zhou, China

Haraldur Sigurdsson

Affiliations Department of Ophthalmology, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland

Hjorvar Petursson

Affiliation DeCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

Zhenglin Yang

Affiliations Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America, Program in Human Molecular Biology and Genetics, Eccles Institute of Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, Chengdu, China

Yu Zhao

Affiliations Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America, Program in Human Molecular Biology and Genetics, Eccles Institute of Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America

Paul S Bernstein

Affiliation Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America

Jian Ge

Affiliation Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Gaung Zhou, China

Fridbert Jonasson

Affiliations Department of Ophthalmology, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland

Einar Stefansson

Affiliations Department of Ophthalmology, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland

Gudleif Helgadottir

Affiliation Department of Ophthalmology, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland

Norman A Zabriskie

Affiliation Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America

Thorlakur Jonsson

Affiliation DeCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

Asgeir Björnsson

Affiliation DeCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

Theodora Thorlacius

Affiliation DeCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

Palmi V Jonsson

Affiliation Department of Geriatrics, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland

Gudmar Thorleifsson

Affiliation DeCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

Augustine Kong

Affiliation DeCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

Hreinn Stefansson

Affiliation DeCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

Kang Zhang

Contributed equally to this work with: Kang Zhang, Kari Stefansson, Jeffrey R Gulcher

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kristinn.p.magnusson@decode.is (KPM), E-mail: kang.zhang@hmbg.utah.edu (KZ), E-mail: jeffrey.gulcher@decode.is (JRG)

Affiliations Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America, Program in Human Molecular Biology and Genetics, Eccles Institute of Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America

Kari Stefansson

Contributed equally to this work with: Kang Zhang, Kari Stefansson, Jeffrey R Gulcher

Affiliation DeCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

Jeffrey R Gulcher

Contributed equally to this work with: Kang Zhang, Kari Stefansson, Jeffrey R Gulcher

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kristinn.p.magnusson@decode.is (KPM), E-mail: kang.zhang@hmbg.utah.edu (KZ), E-mail: jeffrey.gulcher@decode.is (JRG)

Affiliation DeCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland

Competing Interests

Some authors receive financial compensation from DeCODE Genetics. S. Duan, Z. Yang, P. S. Bernstein, J. Ge, N. A. Zabriskie, and K. Zhang declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

K. P. Magnusson, K. Zhang, K. Stefansson, and J. R. Gulcher designed the study. H. Sigurdsson, P. S. Bernstein, F. Jonasson, E. Stefansson, G. Helgadottir, N. A. Zabriskie, P. V. Jonsson, and K. Zhang enrolled and phenotyped patients. K. P. Magnusson, S. Duan, H. Petursson, Z. Yang, Y. Zhao, J. Ge, T. Jonsson, A. Björnsson, T. Thorlacius, G. Thorleifsson, A. Kong, H. Stefansson, and K. Zhang performed genotyping and analyzed the data. K. P. Magnusson, H. Petursson, H. Stefansson, K. Zhang, K. Stefansson, and J. R. Gulcher wrote the paper.