About the Authors

Daniel E Kaufmann

Contributed equally to this work with: Daniel E Kaufmann, Mathias Lichterfeld

Affiliation Partners AIDS Research Center, Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Mathias Lichterfeld

Contributed equally to this work with: Daniel E Kaufmann, Mathias Lichterfeld

Affiliation Partners AIDS Research Center, Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Marcus Altfeld

Affiliation Partners AIDS Research Center, Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Marylyn M Addo

Affiliation Partners AIDS Research Center, Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Mary N Johnston

Affiliation Partners AIDS Research Center, Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Paul K Lee

Affiliation Partners AIDS Research Center, Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Bradford S Wagner

Affiliation Partners AIDS Research Center, Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Elizabeth T Kalife

Affiliation Partners AIDS Research Center, Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Daryld Strick

Affiliation Partners AIDS Research Center, Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Eric S Rosenberg

Affiliation Partners AIDS Research Center, Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Bruce D Walker

Affiliations Partners AIDS Research Center, Infectious Disease Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital and Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ESR and BDW designed the study. DEK, ML, MMA, PKL, BSW, ETK, and DS performed the experiments. DEK, ML, MA, ESR, and BDW analyzed the data. MNJ enrolled patients. DEK and ML contributed to writing the paper.