About the Authors

Timothy Planche

Affiliations Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Infectious Diseases, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom, Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon

Myriam Onanga

Affiliation Département de Parasitologie, Mycologie, et Médecine Tropicale, Faculté de Médecine, Université des Sciences de la Santé, Libreville, Gabon

Achim Schwenk

Affiliations Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Infectious Diseases, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom, Coleridge Unit, North Middlesex University Hospital, London, United Kingdom

Arnaud Dzeing

Affiliation Département de Parasitologie, Mycologie, et Médecine Tropicale, Faculté de Médecine, Université des Sciences de la Santé, Libreville, Gabon

Steffen Borrmann

Affiliations Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon, Department of Parasitology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Jean-François Faucher

Affiliation Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon

Antony Wright

Affiliation Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Les Bluck

Affiliation Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Leigh Ward

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia

Maryvonne Kombila

Affiliation Département de Parasitologie, Mycologie, et Médecine Tropicale, Faculté de Médecine, Université des Sciences de la Santé, Libreville, Gabon

Peter G Kremsner

Affiliations Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon, Department of Parasitology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Sanjeev Krishna

Affiliations Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Infectious Diseases, St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom, Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

TP, MK, JFF, MO, PGK, and SK designed the study. TP, SB, and AD analysed patient data; AS analysed the BIA data and constructed the models; AW and LB conducted the analysis of heavy water; and LW analysed the bromide data. TP and SK wrote the first draft of the paper; all authors commented extensively on subsequent drafts.