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The population genomics of archaeological transition in west Iberia: Investigation of ancient substructure using imputation and haplotype-based methods

Fig 3

Total variation distance between vectors of median haplotype donation from Bronze Age (purple) and Neolithic (green) samples from different regions in Europe to modern populations.

Circle size varies according to the absolute difference between Neolithic and Bronze Age samples in terms of the number of haplotypes donated to present day populations. Regardless of the geographical locations of the ancient samples, Neolithic samples tend to donate comparatively more haplotypes to Southern populations, while Bronze Age show the opposite pattern, with an excess of haplotype contribution to Northern Europeans. This pattern is present, but distinctly weaker in the Portuguese Neolithic-Bronze Age comparison.

Fig 3