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Germline Progenitors Escape the Widespread Phenomenon of Homolog Pairing during Drosophila Development

Figure 2

Homolog pairing is established during the mitotic cell cycles prior to meiosis.

A, Left: Schematic of a germarium identifying the pre-meiotic stages with BAM (red) and Spectrin (white) and meiotic stages with C(3)G (green). Right: Wild-type germarium in which GSCs are identified by the position near the niche, absence of BAM staining, and presence of a spectrosome (white). Developing cysts are identified by the presence of BAM staining and a branched fusome (white). DAPI, blue. Approximately 1–2 germline cysts are present in each germarium, with equal occurrence of the 2-, 4-, 8-, and 16-cell stages. Scale bar represents 10 µm. B, FISH targeting dodeca (grey). 2-cell and 4-cell cysts (the 4th cell is out of focus) identified with BAM∶GFP (pseudo-colored red). Scale bars represent 10 µm. C, FISH targeting 24D (red) and AACAC (grey) in a germarium identifying pachytene nuclei in meiosis with an antibody against the SC protein C(3)G (green). Scale bar represents 10 µm in upper panel and 5 µm in lower panel. D, Percentage of nuclei exhibiting paired and unpaired loci in pre-meiotic stages as well as in meiotic pachytene with FISH targeting AACAC, dodeca, 5A, 24D, 69C, and 100B. Pre-meiotic cysts were identified using BAM∶GFP and Spectrin. Pachytene nuclei were identified in a separate experiment using an antibody against C(3)G. 15–30 ovaries were scored for each stage with a minimum of 20 nuclei counted for 2- and 4-cell stages, 40 nuclei for the 8-cell stage, and 80 nuclei for the 16-cell stage (*P<0.01, **P<0.0001).

Figure 2

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1004013.g002