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A Single Origin for Nymphalid Butterfly Eyespots Followed by Widespread Loss of Associated Gene Expression

Figure 2

Onset of gene expression in future eyespot centers shows conserved temporal dynamics among nymphalids.

Differences in relative timing of expression in the eyespot center between genes are consistent across (A) B. anynana, (B) C. dirce, (C) V. cardui, and (D) J. coenia. ***P<0.0001, **P<0.01, *P<0.05, ns = not significant at 0.05 level.

Figure 2