About the Authors

Shih-Kai Wang

Affiliations Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America, Oral Health Sciences Program, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Parissa Aref

Affiliation Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Yuanyuan Hu

Affiliation Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Rachel N. Milkovich

Affiliation Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

James P. Simmer

Affiliation Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Mohammad El-Khateeb

Affiliation Molecular Genetics Laboratory, National Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Genetics (NCDEG), Amman, Jordan

Hinda Daggag

Affiliation Molecular Genetics Laboratory, National Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Genetics (NCDEG), Amman, Jordan

Zaid H. Baqain

Affiliation Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan

Jan C-C. Hu

janhu@umich.edu

Affiliation Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: S-KW JPS JC-CH. Performed the experiments: S-KW PA YH RNM ME-K HD ZHB. Analyzed the data: S-KW JPS JC-CH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: S-KW PA YH RNM JPS ME-K HD ZHB JC-CH. Wrote the paper: S-KW JPS JC-CH.