About the Authors

Vydianathan Ravi

Contributed equally to this work with: Vydianathan Ravi, Shipra Bhatia

Affiliation Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*STAR), Biopolis, Singapore, Singapore

Shipra Bhatia

Contributed equally to this work with: Vydianathan Ravi, Shipra Bhatia

Affiliation MRC Human Genetics Unit, MRC Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Philippe Gautier

Affiliation MRC Human Genetics Unit, MRC Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Felix Loosli

Affiliation Institute of Toxicology and Genetics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany

Boon-Hui Tay

Affiliation Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*STAR), Biopolis, Singapore, Singapore

Alice Tay

Affiliation Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*STAR), Biopolis, Singapore, Singapore

Emma Murdoch

Affiliation MRC Human Genetics Unit, MRC Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Pedro Coutinho

Affiliation MRC Human Genetics Unit, MRC Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Veronica van Heyningen

Affiliation MRC Human Genetics Unit, MRC Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Sydney Brenner

Affiliation Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*STAR), Biopolis, Singapore, Singapore

Byrappa Venkatesh

Dirk-Jan.Kleinjan@igmm.ed.ac.uk (DA Kleinjan); mcbbv@imcb.a-star.edu.sg (B Venkatesh)

Affiliation Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Agency for Science Technology and Research (A*STAR), Biopolis, Singapore, Singapore

Dirk A. Kleinjan

Dirk-Jan.Kleinjan@igmm.ed.ac.uk (DA Kleinjan); mcbbv@imcb.a-star.edu.sg (B Venkatesh)

Affiliation MRC Human Genetics Unit, MRC Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DA Kleinjan, B Venkatesh. Performed the experiments: S Bhatia, V Ravi, P Gautier, F Loosli, B-H Tay, A Tay, E Murdoch, P Coutinho, DA Kleinjan. Analyzed the data: DA Kleinjan, B Venkatesh, S Bhatia, V Ravi, P Gautier, V van Heyningen, S Brenner. Wrote the paper: DA Kleinjan, B Venkatesh.