About the Authors

Dawn E. Watkins-Chow

Affiliation National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Joanna Cooke

Affiliation Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Ruth Pidsley

Affiliation Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Andrew Edwards

Affiliation Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Rebecca Slotkin

Affiliation National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Karen E. Leeds

Affiliation National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Raymond Mullen

Affiliation National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Laura L. Baxter

Affiliation National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Thomas G. Campbell

Affiliation Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Marion C. Salzer

Affiliation Institute of Molecular Pathology, Vienna, Austria

Laura Biondini

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy

Gretchen Gibney

Affiliation National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Françoise Phan Dinh Tuy

Affiliation Institut Cochin, Université Paris Descartes, CNRS (UMR 8104), Paris, France

Jamel Chelly

Affiliation Institut Cochin, Université Paris Descartes, CNRS (UMR 8104), Paris, France

H. Douglas Morris

Affiliation National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Johannes Riegler

Affiliation Centre for Advanced Biomedical Imaging, Department of Medicine and Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Mark F. Lythgoe

Affiliation Centre for Advanced Biomedical Imaging, Department of Medicine and Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Ruth M. Arkell

Affiliation Early Mammalian Development Laboratory, Research School of Biology, College of Medicine, Biology, and Environment, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Fabrizio Loreni

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy

Jonathan Flint

Affiliation Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

William J. Pavan

Contributed equally to this work with: William J. Pavan, David A. Keays

bpavan@nhgri.nih.gov

Affiliation National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

David A. Keays

Contributed equally to this work with: William J. Pavan, David A. Keays

Affiliation Institute of Molecular Pathology, Vienna, Austria

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DE Watkins-Chow, RM Arkell, F Loreni, J Flint, WJ Pavan, DA Keays. Performed the experiments: DE Watkins-Chow, J Cooke, R Pidsley, A Edwards, R Slotkin, KE Leeds, R Mullen, TG Campbell, MC Salzer, L Biondini, G Gibney, F Phan Dinh Tuy, HD Morris, RM Arkell, DA Keays. Analyzed the data: DE Watkins-Chow, J Cooke, LL Baxter, G Gibney, J Riegler, MF Lythgoe, RM Arkell, F Loreni, DA Keays. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: J Chelly. Wrote the paper: DE Watkins-Chow, LL Baxter, RM Arkell, F Loreni, WJ Pavan, DA Keays.