About the Authors

Sebastien A. Gauthier

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, United States of America

Eric VanHaaften

Affiliation Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America

Lucy Cherbas

Affiliation Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America

Peter Cherbas

Affiliation Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America

Randall S. Hewes

hewes@ou.edu

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SAG EV LC PC RSH. Performed the experiments: SAG EV LC RSH. Analyzed the data: SAG EV LC RSH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LC PC. Wrote the paper: SAG LC RSH.