About the Authors

Ying Wang, Erin Fennern, Gro V. Amdam
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

Colin S. Brent
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Arid-Land Agricultural Research Center, Maricopa, Arizona, United States of America

Erin Fennern
School of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, United States of America

Gro V. Amdam
Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology, and Food Science, University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: YW GVA. Performed the experiments: YW CSB EF. Analyzed the data: YW GVA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GVA. Wrote the paper: YW GVA.