About the Authors

Krzysztof Kiryluk

Affiliation Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Yifu Li

Affiliation Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Simone Sanna-Cherchi

Affiliations Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of Medicine, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, New York, United States of America

Mersedeh Rohanizadegan

Affiliation Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Hitoshi Suzuki

Affiliation Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Frank Eitner

Affiliation Department of Nephrology, RWTH University of Aachen, Aachen, Germany

Holly J. Snyder

Affiliation Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Murim Choi

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Ping Hou

Affiliation Renal Division, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University Institute of Nephrology, Beijing, China

Francesco Scolari

Affiliation University of Brescia and Second Division of Nephrology, Montichiari Hospital, Montichiari, Italy

Claudia Izzi

Affiliation University of Brescia and Second Division of Nephrology, Montichiari Hospital, Montichiari, Italy

Maddalena Gigante

Affiliation Section of Nephrology, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, University of Bari, Bari, Italy

Loreto Gesualdo

Affiliation Section of Nephrology, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, University of Bari, Bari, Italy

Silvana Savoldi

Affiliation Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, Ciriè Hospital, Torino, Italy

Antonio Amoroso

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Biology, and Biochemistry, University of Torino, Torino, Italy

Daniele Cusi

Affiliation Renal Division, DMCO, San Paolo Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, Italy

Pasquale Zamboli

Affiliation Department of Nephrology, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy

Bruce A. Julian

Affiliation Departments of Microbiology and Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Jan Novak

Affiliation Departments of Microbiology and Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Robert J. Wyatt

Affiliations Children's Foundation Research Center, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America, Division of Pediatric Nephrology, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

Krzysztof Mucha

Affiliation Department of Immunology, Transplantology, and Internal Medicine, Warsaw Medical University, Warsaw, Poland

Markus Perola

Affiliations Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland FIMM, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, The Estonian Genome Center, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

Kati Kristiansson

Affiliation Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland

Alexander Viktorin

Affiliation Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Patrik K. Magnusson

Affiliation Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Gudmar Thorleifsson

Affiliations deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland

Unnur Thorsteinsdottir

Affiliations deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland

Kari Stefansson

Affiliations deCODE Genetics, Reykjavik, Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland

Anne Boland

Affiliation Centre National de Génotypage, CEA, Institut de Génomique, Evry, France

Marie Metzger

Affiliation INSERM, Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Villejuif, France

Lise Thibaudin

Affiliation Nephrology, Dialysis, and Renal Transplantation Department, University North Hospital, Saint Etienne, France

Christoph Wanner

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, University Hospital, Würzburg, Germany

Kitty J. Jager

Affiliation ERA–EDTA Registry, Department of Medical Informatics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Shin Goto

Affiliation Division of Clinical Nephrology and Rheumatology, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan

Dita Maixnerova

Affiliation Department of Nephrology, 1st Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Hussein H. Karnib

Affiliation Clinical Research Center and Division of Nephrology, Al Rassoul Al-Aazam Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon

Judit Nagy

Affiliation Nephrology Center and 2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Medical Faculty, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary

Ulf Panzer

Affiliation III Medizinische Klinik, Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany

Jingyuan Xie

Affiliation Department of Nephrology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Nan Chen

Affiliation Department of Nephrology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Vladimir Tesar

Affiliation Department of Nephrology, 1st Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Ichiei Narita

Affiliation Division of Clinical Nephrology and Rheumatology, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan

Francois Berthoux

Affiliation Nephrology, Dialysis, and Renal Transplantation Department, University North Hospital, Saint Etienne, France

Jürgen Floege

Affiliation Department of Nephrology, RWTH University of Aachen, Aachen, Germany

Benedicte Stengel

Affiliation INSERM, Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Villejuif, France

Hong Zhang

Affiliation Renal Division, Peking University First Hospital, Peking University Institute of Nephrology, Beijing, China

Richard P. Lifton

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Ali G. Gharavi

ag2239@columbia.edu

Affiliation Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: K Kiryluk, AG Gharavi. Performed the experiments: K Kiryluk, Y Li, M Rohanizadegan, AG Gharavi. Analyzed the data: K Kiryluk, AG Gharavi. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: M Choi, M Perola, K Kristiansson, A Viktorin, PK Magnusson, G Thorleifsson, U Thorsteinsdottir, K Stefansson, A Boland, C Wanner, KJ Jager, RP Lifton. Wrote the paper: K Kiryluk, AG Gharavi. DNA preparation: Y Li, M Rohanizadegan. Data management: Y Li, K Kiryluk. Subject recruitment and clinical characterization: S Sanna-Cherchi, H Suzuki, F Eitner, HJ Snyder, P Hou, F Scolari, C Izzi, M Gigante, L Gesualdo, S Savoldi, A Amoroso, D Cusi, P Zamboli, BA Julian, J Novak, RJ Wyatt, K Mucha, M Metzger, L Thibaudin, S Goto, D Maixnerova, HH Karnib, J Nagy, U Panzer, J Xie, N Chen, V Tesar, I Narita, F Berthoux, J Floege, B Stengel, H Zhang.