About the Authors

Quan Yuan

Affiliations Department of Developmental Biology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

Tadatoshi Sato

Affiliation Department of Developmental Biology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Michael Densmore

Affiliation Department of Developmental Biology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Hiroaki Saito

Affiliation Department of Oral Medicine, Infection, and Immunity, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Christiane Schüler

Affiliation Institute of Physiology, Pathophysiology, and Biophysics, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria

Reinhold G. Erben

Affiliation Institute of Physiology, Pathophysiology, and Biophysics, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria

Beate Lanske

beate_lanske@hsdm.harvard.edu

Affiliation Department of Developmental Biology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: QY BL. Performed the experiments: QY TS MD HS CS. Analyzed the data: QY TS RGE BL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TS CS. Wrote the paper: QY MD BL.