About the Authors

Jia Qian Wu

Contributed equally to this work with: Jia Qian Wu, Montrell Seay

Jiaqian2009.wu@gmail.com (JQ Wu); Sherman.Weissman@yale.edu (S Weissman); mpsnyder@stanford.edu (MP Snyder)

Address Current address: Department of Neurosurgery, Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Montrell Seay

Contributed equally to this work with: Jia Qian Wu, Montrell Seay

Affiliation Genetics Department, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Vincent P. Schulz

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Manoj Hariharan

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

David Tuck

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Jin Lian

Affiliation Genetics Department, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Jiang Du

Affiliation Computer Science Department, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Minyi Shi

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Zhijia Ye

Affiliation College of Preventive Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China

Mark Gerstein

Affiliations Computer Science Department, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America, Program in Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America, Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry Department, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Michael P. Snyder

Jiaqian2009.wu@gmail.com (JQ Wu); Sherman.Weissman@yale.edu (S Weissman); mpsnyder@stanford.edu (MP Snyder)

These authors are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Sherman Weissman

Jiaqian2009.wu@gmail.com (JQ Wu); Sherman.Weissman@yale.edu (S Weissman); mpsnyder@stanford.edu (MP Snyder)

These authors are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliation Genetics Department, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JQ Wu, S Weissman, MP Snyder. Performed the experiments: JQ Wu, M Seay, J Lian, M Shi, Z Ye. Analyzed the data: JQ Wu, VP Schulz, M Hariharan, D Tuck, J Du. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JQ Wu, M Seay, VP Schulz, M Hariharan, D Tuck, M Gerstein, S Weissman, MP Snyder. Wrote the paper: JQ Wu, S Weissman, MP Snyder.