About the Authors

Emília Ilona Gaál, Perttu Salo, Kati Kristiansson, Johannes Kettunen, Antti-Pekka Sarin, Antti Jula, Markus Perola
Public Health Genomics Unit, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland

Emília Ilona Gaál, Kati Kristiansson, Karola Rehnström, Johannes Kettunen, Antti-Pekka Sarin, Elisabeth Widen, Aarno Palotie, Markus Perola
Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Emília Ilona Gaál, Mika Niemelä, Juha Hernesniemi
Department of Neurosurgery, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland

Karola Rehnström, Aarno Palotie
The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, United Kingdom

Olli T. Raitakari
Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland

Olli T. Raitakari
Department of Clinical Physiology, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland

Terho Lehtimäki
Department of Clinical Chemistry, University of Tampere and Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland

Johan G. Eriksson
Diabetes Unit, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland

Johan G. Eriksson
Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Johan G. Eriksson
Vasa Central Hospital, Vasa, Finland

Johan G. Eriksson
Folkhälsan Research Centre, Helsinki, Finland

Johan G. Eriksson
Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland

Murat Günel
Department of Neurosurgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Mitja Kurki, Mikael von und zu Fraunberg, Juha E. Jääskeläinen
Neurosurgery of NeuroCenter, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland

Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland

Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland

Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Anneli Pouta
Department of Children, Young People and Families, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Oulu, Finland

Christopher Newton-Cheh
Center for Human Genetic Research, Cardiovascular Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Christopher Newton-Cheh
Program in Medical and Population Genetics, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Veikko Salomaa
Chronic Disease Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland

Aarno Palotie
Program in Medical and Population Genetics and Genetic Analysis Platform, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Aarno Palotie
Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki and University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland

Markus Perola
University of Tartu, Estonian Genome Centre, Tartu, Estonia

Corresponding Author

emilia.gaal@helsinki.fi

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: M Perola, EI Gaál, A Palotie, JE Jääskeläinen, M Niemelä, V Salomaa. Performed the experiments: EI Gaál, P Salo, K Kristiansson, J Kettunen, A-P Sarin. Analyzed the data: EI Gaál, P Salo, K Kristiansson. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: M Kurki, M von und zu Fraunberg, M Günel, M Niemelä, J Hernesniemi, OT Raitakari, T Lehtimäki, E Widen, JG Eriksson, M-R Järvelin, A Pouta, A Jula, V Salomaa, C Newton-Cheh. Wrote the paper: EI Gaál, K Rehnström, P Salo, K Kristiansson, V Salomaa, M Perola, A Palotie.