About the Authors

Andrew E. Armitage

Affiliation MRC Human Immunology Unit, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Koen Deforche

Affiliation Rega Institute for Medical Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Chih-hao Chang

Affiliation MRC Human Immunology Unit, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Edmund Wee

Affiliation MRC Human Immunology Unit, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Beatrice Kramer

Affiliation Department of Infectious Diseases, King's College London School of Medicine, London, United Kingdom

John J. Welch

Affiliation Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Jan Gerstoft

Affiliation Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, The National University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark

Lars Fugger

Affiliations MRC Human Immunology Unit, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom, Department of Clinical Neurology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Andrew McMichael

Affiliation MRC Human Immunology Unit, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Andrew Rambaut

astrid.iversen@imm.ox.ac.uk (AKNI); a.rambaut@ed.ac.uk (AR)

Affiliation Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Astrid K. N. Iversen

astrid.iversen@imm.ox.ac.uk (AKNI); a.rambaut@ed.ac.uk (AR)

Affiliations MRC Human Immunology Unit, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom, The Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research, Nuffield Department of Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AKNI AEA AR. Performed the experiments: AEA C-hC EW BK AKNI. Analyzed the data: AKNI AEA KD JJW AR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KD AR AKNI JG LF AJM. Wrote the paper: AKNI. Provided intellectual input during the writing of the manuscript: AEA KD JJW AR. Commented on the final version of the manuscript: AEA KD C-hC EW BK JJW JG LF AM AR AKNI.