About the Authors

Dong-Dong Wu

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China

David M. Irwin

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, Banting and Best Diabetes Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Ya-Ping Zhang

zhangyp@mail.kiz.ac.cn

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China, Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-resource, Yunnan University, Kunming, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: D-DW Y-PZ. Performed the experiments: D-DW Y-PZ. Analyzed the data: D-DW DMI. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: D-DW DMI Y-PZ. Wrote the paper: D-DW DMI.