About the Authors

Ashish Lal

Contributed equally to this work with: Ashish Lal, Marshall P. Thomas, Gabriel Altschuler, Francisco Navarro

lalas@mail.nih.gov (AL); lieberman@idi.harvard.edu (JL)

Affiliations Immune Disease Institute, Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Genetics Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Marshall P. Thomas

Contributed equally to this work with: Ashish Lal, Marshall P. Thomas, Gabriel Altschuler, Francisco Navarro

Affiliations Immune Disease Institute, Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Gabriel Altschuler

Contributed equally to this work with: Ashish Lal, Marshall P. Thomas, Gabriel Altschuler, Francisco Navarro

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Francisco Navarro

Contributed equally to this work with: Ashish Lal, Marshall P. Thomas, Gabriel Altschuler, Francisco Navarro

Affiliations Immune Disease Institute, Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Elizabeth O'Day

Affiliations Immune Disease Institute, Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Xiao Ling Li

Affiliation Genetics Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Carla Concepcion

Affiliation Department of Cancer Biology and Genetics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, United States of America

Yoon-Chi Han

Affiliation Department of Cancer Biology and Genetics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, United States of America

Jerome Thiery

Affiliations Immune Disease Institute, Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Danielle K. Rajani

Affiliations Immune Disease Institute, Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Aaron Deutsch

Affiliations Immune Disease Institute, Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Oliver Hofmann

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Andrea Ventura

Affiliation Department of Cancer Biology and Genetics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, United States of America

Winston Hide

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Judy Lieberman

lalas@mail.nih.gov (AL); lieberman@idi.harvard.edu (JL)

Affiliations Immune Disease Institute, Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AL MPT GA FN AV WH JL. Performed the experiments: AL MPT FN EO XLL CC Y-CH JT DKR AD. Analyzed the data: AL MPT GA OH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AV WH. Wrote the paper: AL MPT JL.