About the Authors

Lee E. Moore

moorele@mail.nih.gov

Affiliation Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Michael L. Nickerson

Affiliation Cancer and Inflammation Program, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Paul Brennan

Affiliation International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France

Jorge R. Toro

Affiliation Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Erich Jaeger

Affiliation University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Jessica Rinsky

Affiliation Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Summer S. Han

Affiliation Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

David Zaridze

Affiliation Institute of Carcinogenesis, Cancer Research Centre, Moscow, Russia

Vsevolod Matveev

Affiliation Institute of Carcinogenesis, Cancer Research Centre, Moscow, Russia

Vladimir Janout

Affiliation Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic

Hellena Kollarova

Affiliation Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic

Vladimir Bencko

Affiliation Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Marie Navratilova

Affiliation Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic

Neonilia Szeszenia-Dabrowska

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz, Poland

Dana Mates

Affiliation Institute of Public Health, Bucharest, Romania

Laura S. Schmidt

Affiliations Basic Science Program, SAIC–Frederick, NCI–Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America, Urologic Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Petra Lenz

Affiliation Support to the Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, SAIC-Frederick, NCI- Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Sara Karami

Affiliation Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

W. Marston Linehan

Affiliation Urologic Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Maria Merino

Affiliation Support to the Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, SAIC-Frederick, NCI- Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Stephen Chanock

Affiliations Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America, Core Genotyping Facility at the Advanced Technology Center of the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Paolo Boffetta

Affiliations Cancer and Inflammation Program, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America, The Tisch Cancer Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America, International Cancer Prevention Research Institute, Lyon, France

Wong-Ho Chow

Affiliation Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Frederic M. Waldman

Affiliation University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Nathaniel Rothman

Affiliation Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LE Moore, ML Nickerson, P Brennan, JR Toro, D Zaridze, V Janout, H Kollarova, V Bencko, M Navratilova, N Szeszenia-Dabrowska, D Mates, P Boffetta, W-H Chow, N Rothman. Performed the experiments: ML Nickerson, JR Toro, E Jaeger, V Matveev, P Lenz, LS Schmidt, WM Linehan, M Merino, S Chanock, FM Waldman. Analyzed the data: LE Moore, E Jaeger, J Rinsky, SS Han, P Lenz, S Karami. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LE Moore, ML Nickerson, P Brennan, JR Toro, LS Schmidt, WM Linehan, M Merino, S Chanock, P Boffetta, FM Waldman. Wrote the paper: LE Moore, ML Nickerson, P Brennan, JR Toro, J Rinsky, LS Schmidt, S Karami, WM Linehan, P Boffetta, W-H Chow, N Rothman.