About the Authors

Barry I. Freedman

Contributed equally to this work with: Barry I. Freedman, Carl D. Langefeld

bfreedma@wakehealth.edu (BIF); clangefe@wakehealth.edu (CDL); dbowden@wakehealth.edu (DWB)

Affiliation Section on Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

Carl D. Langefeld

Contributed equally to this work with: Barry I. Freedman, Carl D. Langefeld

bfreedma@wakehealth.edu (BIF); clangefe@wakehealth.edu (CDL); dbowden@wakehealth.edu (DWB)

Affiliation Department of Biostatistical Sciences and Center for Public Health Genomics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

Lingyi Lu

Affiliation Department of Biostatistical Sciences and Center for Public Health Genomics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

Jasmin Divers

Affiliation Department of Biostatistical Sciences and Center for Public Health Genomics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

Mary E. Comeau

Affiliation Department of Biostatistical Sciences and Center for Public Health Genomics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

Jeffrey B. Kopp

Affiliation Kidney Disease Section, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Cheryl A. Winkler

Affiliation Basic Research Laboratory, SAIC-Frederick, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

George W. Nelson

Affiliation BSP CCR Genetics Core, SAIC-Frederick, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Randall C. Johnson

Affiliations BSP CCR Genetics Core, SAIC-Frederick, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America, Chaire de Bioinformatique, Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers, Paris, France

Nicholette D. Palmer

Affiliations Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

Pamela J. Hicks

Affiliations Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

Meredith A. Bostrom

Affiliations Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

Jessica N. Cooke

Affiliations Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Program in Molecular Medicine and Translational Science, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

Caitrin W. McDonough

Affiliations Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Program in Molecular Medicine and Translational Science, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

Donald W. Bowden

bfreedma@wakehealth.edu (BIF); clangefe@wakehealth.edu (CDL); dbowden@wakehealth.edu (DWB)

Affiliations Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Diabetes Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America, Section on Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America

Competing Interests

NIH has applied for a patent on the clinical use of MYH9 genetic testing for kidney disease susceptibility, with co-inventors CAW, GWN, RCJ, and JBK. No other author has a competing interest to declare.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BIF CDL MAB CWM DWB. Performed the experiments: BIF CDL LL JD MEC JBK CAW GCN RCJ NDP PJH MAB JNC CWM DWB. Analyzed the data: BIF CDL LL JD MEC NDP PJH MAB JNC CWM DWB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BIF JBK CAW GCN RCJ DWB. Wrote the paper: BIF CDL LL JD MEC JBK CAW GCN RCJ NDP PJH MAB JNC CWM DWB.