About the Authors

Stephen B. Goodwin

Contributed equally to this work with: Stephen B. Goodwin, Igor V. Grigoriev, Gert H. J. Kema

Steve.Goodwin@ARS.USDA.gov, sgoodwin@purdue.edu (SBG); gert.kema@wur.nl (GHJK); IVGrigoriev@lbl.gov (IVG)

Affiliation USDA–Agricultural Research Service, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

Sarrah Ben M'Barek

Affiliation Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Braham Dhillon

Affiliation Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

Alexander H. J. Wittenberg

Affiliation Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Charles F. Crane

Affiliation USDA–Agricultural Research Service, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

James K. Hane

Affiliation School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia

Andrew J. Foster

Affiliation IBWF e.V., Institute for Biotechnology and Drug Research, Kaiserslautern, Germany

Theo A. J. Van der Lee

Affiliation Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Jane Grimwood

Affiliations HudsonAlpha Institute of Biotechnology, Huntsville, Alabama, United States of America, DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

Andrea Aerts

Affiliation DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

John Antoniw

Affiliation Rothamsted Research, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Harpenden, United Kingdom

Andy Bailey

Affiliation School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Burt Bluhm

Affiliation University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, United States of America

Judith Bowler

Affiliation Syngenta, Jealott's Hill Research Centre, Bracknell, United Kingdom

Jim Bristow

Affiliation DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

Ate van der Burgt

Affiliation Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Blondy Canto-Canché

Affiliation Unidad de Biotecnología, Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán, A.C., (CICY), Mérida, México

Alice C. L. Churchill

Affiliation Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

Laura Conde-Ferràez

Affiliation Unidad de Biotecnología, Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán, A.C., (CICY), Mérida, México

Hans J. Cools

Affiliation Rothamsted Research, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Harpenden, United Kingdom

Pedro M. Coutinho

Affiliation Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, CNRS, Marseille, France

Michael Csukai

Affiliation Syngenta, Jealott's Hill Research Centre, Bracknell, United Kingdom

Paramvir Dehal

Affiliation DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

Pierre De Wit

Affiliation Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Bruno Donzelli

Affiliation USDA–Agricultural Research Service, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

Henri C. van de Geest

Affiliation Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Roeland C. H. J. van Ham

Affiliation Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Kim E. Hammond-Kosack

Affiliation Rothamsted Research, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Harpenden, United Kingdom

Bernard Henrissat

Affiliation Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, CNRS, Marseille, France

Andrzej Kilian

Affiliation Diversity Arrays Technology Pty Ltd, Yarralumla, Australia

Adilson K. Kobayashi

Affiliation Embrapa Meio-Norte, Teresina, Piauí, Brazil

Edda Koopmann

Affiliation Bayer CropScience AG, Monheim, Germany

Yiannis Kourmpetis

Affiliation Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Arnold Kuzniar

Affiliation Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Erika Lindquist

Affiliation DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

Vincent Lombard

Affiliation Architecture et Fonction des Macromolecules Biologiques, CNRS, Marseille, France

Chris Maliepaard

Affiliation Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Natalia Martins

Affiliation Embrapa-Cenargen, Brasilia, Brazil

Rahim Mehrabi

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, Iran

Jan P. H. Nap

Affiliation Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Alisa Ponomarenko

Affiliation Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

Jason J. Rudd

Affiliation Rothamsted Research, Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Harpenden, United Kingdom

Asaf Salamov

Affiliation DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

Jeremy Schmutz

Affiliations HudsonAlpha Institute of Biotechnology, Huntsville, Alabama, United States of America, DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

Henk J. Schouten

Affiliation Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Harris Shapiro

Affiliation DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

Ioannis Stergiopoulos

Affiliation Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Stefano F. F. Torriani

Affiliation Plant Pathology, Institute of Integrative Biology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zürich, Switzerland

Hank Tu

Affiliation DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

Ronald P. de Vries

Affiliation CBS–KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Cees Waalwijk

Affiliation Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Sarah B. Ware

Affiliation Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Ad Wiebenga

Affiliation CBS–KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Lute-Harm Zwiers

Affiliation CBS–KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Richard P. Oliver

Affiliation Environment and Agriculture, Curtin University, Bentley, Australia

Igor V. Grigoriev

Contributed equally to this work with: Stephen B. Goodwin, Igor V. Grigoriev, Gert H. J. Kema

Steve.Goodwin@ARS.USDA.gov, sgoodwin@purdue.edu (SBG); gert.kema@wur.nl (GHJK); IVGrigoriev@lbl.gov (IVG)

Affiliation DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, California, United States of America

Gert H. J. Kema

Contributed equally to this work with: Stephen B. Goodwin, Igor V. Grigoriev, Gert H. J. Kema

Steve.Goodwin@ARS.USDA.gov, sgoodwin@purdue.edu (SBG); gert.kema@wur.nl (GHJK); IVGrigoriev@lbl.gov (IVG)

Affiliation Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SB Goodwin, IV Grigoriev, GHJ Gema. Performed the experiments: S Ben M'Barek, AHJ Wittenberg, TAJ Van der Lee, PM Coutinho, B Henrissat, V Lombard, SB Ware, C Waalwijk. Analyzed the data: SB Goodwin, S Ben M'Barek, B Dhillon, AHJ Wittenberg, CF Crane, JK Hane, AJ Foster, J Grimwood, J Antoniw, A Bailey, B Bluhm, J Bowler, A Burgt, B Canto-Canché, ACL Churchill, L Conde-Ferràez, HJ Cools, M Csukai, P Dehal, P De Wit, B Donzelli, HC van de Geest, KE Hammond-Kosack, RCHJ van Ham, B Henrissat, A Kilian, AK Kobayashi, E Koopmann, Y Kourmpetis, A Kuzniar, E Lindquist, C Maliepaard, N Martins, R Mehrabi, JPH Nap, A Ponomarenko, JJ Rudd, A Salamov, J Schmutz, HJ Schouten, I Stergiopoulos, SFF Torriani, RP de Vries, A Wiebenga, L-H Zwiers, RP Oliver, IV Grigoriev, GHJ Gema. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CF Crane, JK Hane, A Aerts, E Lindquist, H Shapiro, H Tu. Wrote the paper: SB Goodwin, GHJ Gema. Managed the Community Sequencing Program: J Bristow