About the Authors

Polina Perelman, Warren E. Johnson, Stephen J. O'Brien, Jill Pecon-Slattery
Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute–Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Christian Roos
Gene Bank of Primates and Primate Genetics Laboratory, German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany

Hector N. Seuánez, Miguel A. M. Moreira
Division of Genetics, Instituto Nacional de Câncer and Department of Genetics, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Julie E. Horvath
Department of Evolutionary Anthropology and Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Bailey Kessing, Joan Pontius, Melody Roelke
SAIC–Frederick, Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute–Frederick, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Yves Rumpler
Physiopathologie et Médecine Translationnelle, Faculté de Médecine, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France

Maria Paula C. Schneider, Artur Silva
Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Brazil

Corresponding Author

slatterJ@mail.nih.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JPS. Performed the experiments: PP HNS JEH MAMM MPCS AS JPS. Analyzed the data: PP WEJ JPS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PP WEJ CR HNS JEH MAMM BK JP MR YR MPCS AS SJO JPS. Wrote the paper: PP WEJ CR HNS JEH MAMM JP MR MPCS AS SJO JPS. Implemented, supervised, and directed research project: JPS. Conducted phylogenetic and statistical analyses: JPS. Curated DNA samples and DNA sequences: PP. Performed BEAST analysis: WEJ.