About the Authors

Hugo Germain

Contributed equally to this work with: Hugo Germain, Na Qu

Affiliations Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Laurentian Forestry Centre, Stn. Sainte-Foy, Canada

Na Qu

Contributed equally to this work with: Hugo Germain, Na Qu

Affiliation National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing, China

Yu Ti Cheng

Affiliation Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

EunKyoung Lee

Affiliation Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Yan Huang

Affiliation Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Oliver Xiaoou Dong

Affiliation Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Patrick Gannon

Affiliation Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Shuai Huang

Affiliation National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing, China

Pingtao Ding

Affiliation National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing, China

Yingzhong Li

Affiliation National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing, China

Fred Sack

Affiliation Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Yuelin Zhang

xinli@interchange.ubc.ca (XL); zhangyuelin@nibs.ac.cn (YZ)

Affiliation National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing, China

Xin Li

xinli@interchange.ubc.ca (XL); zhangyuelin@nibs.ac.cn (YZ)

Affiliations Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HG NQ YZ XL. Performed the experiments: HG NQ YTC EKL YH OXD PG SH PD YL. Analyzed the data: HG NQ YTC EKL YH OXD PG SH PD YL FS YZ XL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FS YZ XL. Wrote the paper: HG YZ XL.