About the Authors

Carola Marzi, Eva Albrecht, Melanie Waldenberger, Janina S. Ried, Barbara Thorand, Annette Peters, Harald Grallert, Ludwig Geistlinger, H.-Erich Wichmann, Thomas Illig, Christian Gieger
Institute of Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany

Pirro G. Hysi, Massimo Mangino, Christopher J. Hammond, Tim D. Spector, Nicole Soranzo
Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, King's College London, London, United Kingdom

Vasiliki Lagou, Inga Prokopenko
Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Vasiliki Lagou, Inga Prokopenko
Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Anke Tönjes, Michael Stumvoll
Department of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

Anke Tönjes
Coordination Centre for Clinical Trials, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

Katharina Heim, Holger Prokisch
Institute of Human Genetics, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany

Hannah Blackburn, Nicole Soranzo
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Genome Campus, Hinxton, United Kingdom

Marcus E. Kleber
LURIC, Freiburg, Germany

Bernhard O. Boehm
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany

Peter Kovacs
Interdisciplinary Centre for Clinical Research, Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

Holger Prokisch
Institute of Human Genetics, Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany

Bernhard R. Winkelmann
Cardiology Group Sachsenhausen, Frankfurt, Germany

H.-Erich Wichmann
Institute of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, Chair of Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany

H.-Erich Wichmann
Klinikum Grosshadern, Munich, Germany

Winfried März
SynLab Medizinisches Versorgungszentrum Heidelberg, Eppelheim, Germany

Winfried März
Institut für Public Health, Sozialmedizin und Epidemiologie, Medizinische Fakultät Mannheim der Universität Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany

Winfried März
Clinical Institute of Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics, Graz, Austria

Wolfgang Koenig
Department of Internal Medicine II – Cardiology, University of Ulm Medical Center, Ulm, Germany

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Performed the experiments: HG. Analyzed the data: CM EA PGH VL IP KH JSR. Wrote the paper: CM. Oversight: CG BOB BRW TDS HEW MS NS WM TI. Conducted meta-analysis: EA. Phenotyping, genotyping, gene expression profiling: MW AT HB MEK MM BT AP CJH PK LG HP WK.