About the Authors

Klaus Stark

Affiliation Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Ulrike B. Esslinger

Affiliation Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Wibke Reinhard

Affiliation Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

George Petrov

Affiliations Institute for Gender in Medicine, Center for Cardiovascular Research, Charité Campus Mitte, Berlin, Germany, Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, German Heart Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Thomas Winkler

Affiliation Institute of Epidemiology, Public Health, and Gender Studies, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Michel Komajda

Affiliation Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) UMR-S956, University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 6), Institut de Cardiologie, Département de Génétique, AP-HP, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France

Richard Isnard

Affiliation Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) UMR-S956, University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 6), Institut de Cardiologie, Département de Génétique, AP-HP, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France

Philippe Charron

Affiliation Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) UMR-S956, University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 6), Institut de Cardiologie, Département de Génétique, AP-HP, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France

Eric Villard

Affiliation Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) UMR-S956, University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 6), Institut de Cardiologie, Département de Génétique, AP-HP, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France

François Cambien

Affiliation Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), UMR-S937, University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 6), Paris, France

Laurence Tiret

Affiliation Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), UMR-S937, University Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris 6), Paris, France

Marie-Claude Aumont

Affiliation Service de Cardiologie, Hôpital Bichat, AP-HP, Paris, France

Olivier Dubourg

Affiliation Service de Cardiologie, Université de Versailles-Saint Quentin, Hôpital Ambroise Paré, AP-HP, Boulogne, France

Jean-Noël Trochu

Affiliation Service de Cardiologie, Hôpital Laennec, Nantes, France

Laurent Fauchier

Affiliation Service de Cardiologie B et Laboratoire d'Electrophysiologie Cardiaque, Pole Cœur Thorax Vasculaire Hémostase, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Trousseau, Tours, France

Pascal DeGroote

Affiliation Service de Cardiologie, Hôpital Cardiologique, Lille, France

Anette Richter

Affiliation Klinik für Innere Medizin I - Kardiologie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany

Bernhard Maisch

Affiliation Klinik für Innere Medizin I - Kardiologie, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany

Thomas Wichter

Affiliation Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik C, Kardiologie und Angiologie, Universitätsklinikum Münster, Münster, Germany

Christa Zollbrecht

Affiliation Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Martina Grassl

Affiliation Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Heribert Schunkert

Affiliation Medizinische Klinik II, Universität zu Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

Patrick Linsel-Nitschke

Affiliation Medizinische Klinik II, Universität zu Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

Jeanette Erdmann

Affiliation Medizinische Klinik II, Universität zu Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

Jens Baumert

Affiliation Institute of Epidemiology, HelmholtzZentrum München, München-Neuherberg, Germany

Thomas Illig

Affiliation Institute of Epidemiology, HelmholtzZentrum München, München-Neuherberg, Germany

Norman Klopp

Affiliation Institute of Epidemiology, HelmholtzZentrum München, München-Neuherberg, Germany

H.-Erich Wichmann

Affiliation Institute of Epidemiology, HelmholtzZentrum München, München-Neuherberg, Germany

Christa Meisinger

Affiliations Institute of Epidemiology, HelmholtzZentrum München, München-Neuherberg, Germany, Central Hospital of Augsburg, MONICA/KORA Myocardial Infarction Registry, Augsburg, Germany

Wolfgang Koenig

Affiliation Department of Internal Medicine II – Cardiology, University of Ulm Medical Center, Ulm, Germany

Peter Lichtner

Affiliation Institute of Human Genetics, HelmholtzZentrum München, München-Neuherberg, Germany

Thomas Meitinger

Affiliations Institute of Human Genetics, HelmholtzZentrum München, München-Neuherberg, Germany, Institute of Human Genetics, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, München, Germany

Arne Schillert

Affiliation Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

Inke R. König

Affiliation Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

Roland Hetzer

Affiliation Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, German Heart Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Iris M. Heid

Affiliations Institute of Epidemiology, Public Health, and Gender Studies, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany, Institute of Epidemiology, HelmholtzZentrum München, München-Neuherberg, Germany

Vera Regitz-Zagrosek

Affiliation Institute for Gender in Medicine, Center for Cardiovascular Research, Charité Campus Mitte, Berlin, Germany

Christian Hengstenberg

christian.hengstenberg@klinik.uni-regensburg.de

Affiliation Klinik und Poliklinik für Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinikum Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: K Stark, C Hengstenberg. Performed the experiments: K Stark, UB Esslinger, C Zollbrecht, N Klopp, P Lichtner, T Meitinger. Analyzed the data: K Stark, T Winkler, F Cambien, J Baumert, A Schillert, IR König, IM Heid. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: K Stark, G Petrov, M Komajda, R Isnard, P Charron, E Villard, F Cambien, L Tiret, MC Aumont, O Dubourg, JN Trouchu, L Fauchier, P DeGroote, A Richter, B Maisch, T Wichter, M Grassl, H Schunkert, P Linsel-Nitschke, J Erdmann, T Illig, HE Wichmann, C Meisinger, W Koening, R Hetzer, IM Heid, V Regitz-Zagrosek, C Hengstenberg. Wrote the paper: K Stark, UB Esslinger, W Reinhard, IM Heid, V Regitz-Zagrosek, C Hengstenberg.