About the Authors

Mahmoud W. Yaish

Affiliations Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, Department of Biology, College of Science, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman

Ashraf El-kereamy

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

Tong Zhu

Affiliation Syngenta Biotechnology, Inc., Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America

Perrin H. Beatty

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Allen G. Good

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Yong-Mei Bi

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

Steven J. Rothstein

rothstei@uoguelph.ca

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MWY SJR. Performed the experiments: MWY AEk PHB AGG YMB. Analyzed the data: MWY. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MWY AEk TZ. Wrote the paper: MWY SJR.