About the Authors

Masayo Kagami

Affiliation Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan

Maureen J. O'Sullivan

Affiliation Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Andrew J. Green

Affiliations National Center for Medical Genetics, University College Dublin, Our Lady's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College, Dublin, Ireland

Yoshiyuki Watabe

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan

Osamu Arisaka

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan

Nobuhide Masawa

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Dokkyo University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan

Kentarou Matsuoka

Affiliation Department of Pathology, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan

Maki Fukami

Affiliation Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan

Keiko Matsubara

Affiliation Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan

Fumiko Kato

Affiliation Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan

Anne C. Ferguson-Smith

Affiliation Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Tsutomu Ogata

tomogata@nch.go.jp

Affiliation Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MK ACFS TO. Performed the experiments: MK MF KM FK. Analyzed the data: MK TO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MJO AJG YW OA NM KM TO. Wrote the paper: TO.