About the Authors

Maria D. Vibranovski

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolution, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Hedibert F. Lopes

Affiliation The University of Chicago Booth School of Business, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Timothy L. Karr

Affiliation The Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

Manyuan Long

mlong@midway.uchicago.edu

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolution, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MDV TLK ML. Performed the experiments: MDV. Analyzed the data: MDV HFL TLK ML. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TLK ML. Wrote the paper: MDV HFL TLK ML. Developed the statistical models: HFL.