About the Authors

Li-Jun Ma

lijun@broad.mit.edu (LJM); wickes@uthscsa.edu (BLW)

Affiliation The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Ashraf S. Ibrahim

Affiliation Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California, United States of America

Christopher Skory

Affiliation Bioproducts and Biocatalysis Research, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, USDA-ARS, Midwest Area, Peoria, Illinois, United States of America

Manfred G. Grabherr

Affiliation The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Gertraud Burger

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada

Margi Butler

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, University of Otago, Otago, New Zealand

Marek Elias

Affiliation Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Alexander Idnurm

Affiliation Division of Cell Biology and Biophysics, School of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Kansas City, Missouri, United States of America

B. Franz Lang

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada

Teruo Sone

Affiliation Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Ayumi Abe

Affiliation Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Sarah E. Calvo

Affiliation The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Luis M. Corrochano

Affiliation Departamento de Genética, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain

Reinhard Engels

Affiliation The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jianmin Fu

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, United States of America

Wilhelm Hansberg

Affiliation Instituto de Fisiología Celular, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico

Jung-Mi Kim

Affiliation Department of Plant Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

Chinnappa D. Kodira

Affiliation The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Michael J. Koehrsen

Affiliation The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Bo Liu

Affiliation Department of Plant Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

Diego Miranda-Saavedra

Affiliation Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Sinead O'Leary

Affiliation The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Lucila Ortiz-Castellanos

Affiliation Departamento de Ingeniería Genética, Unidad Irapuato, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Mexico City, Mexico

Russell Poulter

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, University of Otago, Otago, New Zealand

Julio Rodriguez-Romero

Affiliation Departamento de Genética, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain

José Ruiz-Herrera

Affiliation Departamento de Ingeniería Genética, Unidad Irapuato, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Mexico City, Mexico

Yao-Qing Shen

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada

Qiandong Zeng

Affiliation The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

James Galagan

Affiliation The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Bruce W. Birren

Affiliation The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Christina A. Cuomo

Contributed equally to this work with: Christina A. Cuomo, Brian L. Wickes

Affiliation The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Brian L. Wickes

Contributed equally to this work with: Christina A. Cuomo, Brian L. Wickes

lijun@broad.mit.edu (LJM); wickes@uthscsa.edu (BLW)

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LJM CS BWB BLW. Performed the experiments: LJM BFL TS AA JF. Analyzed the data: LJM ASI MGG GB MB ME AI TS SEC LMC WH JMK BL DMS LOC RP JRR JRH YQS CAC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ASI CS MGG BFL RE CDK MJK SO QZ JG BLW. Wrote the paper: LJM ASI CS ME AI BL CAC BLW.