About the Authors

Etienne Patin

Affiliations Institut Pasteur, Human Evolutionary Genetics, CNRS, URA3012, Paris, France, Unité d'Eco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, MNHN/P7/CNRS UMR5145, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

Guillaume Laval

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Human Evolutionary Genetics, CNRS, URA3012, Paris, France

Luis B. Barreiro

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Human Evolutionary Genetics, CNRS, URA3012, Paris, France

Antonio Salas

Affiliation Unidade de Xenética, Instituto de Medicina Legal, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain

Ornella Semino

Affiliation Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Silvana Santachiara-Benerecetti

Affiliation Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Universita di Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Kenneth K. Kidd

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Judith R. Kidd

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Lolke Van der Veen

Affiliation Laboratoire Dynamique Du Langage, CNRS UMR5596, Université Lumière Lyon 2, Lyon, France

Jean-Marie Hombert

Affiliation Laboratoire Dynamique Du Langage, CNRS UMR5596, Université Lumière Lyon 2, Lyon, France

Antoine Gessain

Affiliation Unité d'Epidémiologie et Physiopathologie des Virus Oncogènes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Alain Froment

Affiliation Unité d'Eco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, MNHN/P7/CNRS UMR5145, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

Serge Bahuchet

Affiliation Unité d'Eco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, MNHN/P7/CNRS UMR5145, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

Evelyne Heyer

Affiliation Unité d'Eco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, MNHN/P7/CNRS UMR5145, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

Lluís Quintana-Murci

quintana@pasteur.fr

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Human Evolutionary Genetics, CNRS, URA3012, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EP LQM. Performed the experiments: EP. Analyzed the data: EP GL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AS OS SSB KKK JRK LVdV JMH AG AF EH. Wrote the paper: EP LQM. Critically read the manuscript: GL LBB KKK JRK JMH SB EH. Obtained funding: EH LQM.