About the Authors

Lynette Brownfield

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

Said Hafidh

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

Michael Borg

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

Anna Sidorova

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

Toshiyuki Mori

Affiliation Miyagishima Initiative Research Unit, Advance Science Institute, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama, Japan

David Twell

twe@le.ac.uk

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LB SH MB DT. Performed the experiments: LB SH MB AS. Analyzed the data: LB SH MB DT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TM DT. Wrote the paper: LB DT.