About the Authors

Lisa Yu

Contributed equally to this work with: Lisa Yu, Andres Lopez

Affiliations Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Andres Lopez

Contributed equally to this work with: Lisa Yu, Andres Lopez

Affiliations Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Abderrahmane Anaflous

Affiliation Laboratoire de Chimie du Solide Minéral et Analytique, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences, Université Mohamed Premier, Oujda, Morocco

Brahim El Bali

Affiliation Laboratoire de Chimie du Solide Minéral et Analytique, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences, Université Mohamed Premier, Oujda, Morocco

Abdellah Hamal

Affiliation Laboratoire de Génétique et Biotechnologies, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université Mohamed Premier, Oujda, Morocco

Elke Ericson

Affiliations Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Lawrence E. Heisler

Affiliations Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Angus McQuibban

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Guri Giaever

Affiliations Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Corey Nislow

Affiliations Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Charles Boone

Affiliations Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Grant W. Brown

grant.brown@utoronto.ca (GWB); bmbellaoui@gmail.com (MB)

Affiliations Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Terrence Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Mohammed Bellaoui

grant.brown@utoronto.ca (GWB); bmbellaoui@gmail.com (MB)

Affiliations Laboratoire de Génétique et Biotechnologies, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université Mohamed Premier, Oujda, Morocco, Faculté Pluridisciplinaire de Nador, Université Mohamed Premier, Nador, Morocco

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LY AL AM CN CB GWB MB. Performed the experiments: LY AL EE MB. Analyzed the data: LY AL LEH AM CN CB GWB MB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AA BEB AH AM GG CN. Wrote the paper: LY AL CN GWB MB.