About the Authors

Alexander Y. Mitrophanov

Contributed equally to this work with: Alexander Y. Mitrophanov, Mollie W. Jewett

Affiliations Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America, Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Mollie W. Jewett

Contributed equally to this work with: Alexander Y. Mitrophanov, Mollie W. Jewett

Address Current address: Laboratory of Zoonotic Pathogens, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Tricia J. Hadley

Affiliation Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Eduardo A. Groisman

groisman@borcim.wustl.edu

Affiliations Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America, Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AYM MWJ EAG. Performed the experiments: AYM MWJ TJH. Analyzed the data: AYM MWJ EAG. Wrote the paper: AYM MWJ EAG. Developed mathematical models: AYM.