About the Authors

Daniel J. Wilson

djw@uchicago.edu

Current address: Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Maths and Statistics, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom

Edith Gabriel

Current address: Université d'Avignon, IUT STID, Site Agroparc, Avignon, France

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom

Andrew J. H. Leatherbarrow

Affiliation Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Leahurst, Neston, United Kingdom

John Cheesbrough

Affiliation Preston Microbiology Services, Royal Preston Hospital, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Preston, United Kingdom

Steven Gee

Affiliation Preston Microbiology Services, Royal Preston Hospital, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Preston, United Kingdom

Eric Bolton

Affiliation Manchester Medical Microbiology Partnership, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, United Kingdom

Andrew Fox

Affiliations Preston Microbiology Services, Royal Preston Hospital, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Preston, United Kingdom, Manchester Medical Microbiology Partnership, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, United Kingdom

Paul Fearnhead

Affiliation Department of Maths and Statistics, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom

C. Anthony Hart

† Deceased.

Affiliation Division of Medical Microbiology, School of Infection and Host Defence, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Peter J. Diggle

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JC SG EB AF CAH. Performed the experiments: AJHL. Analyzed the data: DJW EG AJHL PF PJD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DJW EG PF PJD. Wrote the paper: DJW EG AJHL JC SG EB AF PF CAH PJD.