About the Authors

Laure Ségurel

lsegurel@mnhn.fr

Affiliation Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle – Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 5145 – Université Paris 7, Éco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

Begoña Martínez-Cruz

Address Current address: Unidad de Biología Evolutiva, Departamento de Ciencias Experimentales y de la Salud, Universidad Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain

Affiliation Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle – Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 5145 – Université Paris 7, Éco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

Lluis Quintana-Murci

Affiliation Human Evolutionary Genetics Unit, CNRS URA3012, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Patricia Balaresque

Affiliation Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

Myriam Georges

Affiliation Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle – Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 5145 – Université Paris 7, Éco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

Tatiana Hegay

Affiliation Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Institute of Immunology, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Almaz Aldashev

Affiliation Institute of Molecular Biology and Medicine, National Center of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Firuza Nasyrova

Affiliation Tajik Academy of Sciences, Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics, Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Mark A. Jobling

Affiliation Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

Evelyne Heyer

Affiliation Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle – Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 5145 – Université Paris 7, Éco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

Renaud Vitalis

Affiliation Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle – Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 5145 – Université Paris 7, Éco-Anthropologie et Ethnobiologie, Musée de l'Homme, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EH RV. Performed the experiments: LS BMC LQM PB MG. Analyzed the data: LS RV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BMC TH AA FN MJ EH. Wrote the paper: LS RV. Collected the samples: LS, BMC, EH.