About the Authors

Mark Eppinger

Affiliation J. Craig Venter Institute/The Institute for Genomic Research, Microbial Genomics, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

M. J Rosovitz

Affiliation J. Craig Venter Institute/The Institute for Genomic Research, Microbial Genomics, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Wolfgang Florian Fricke

Affiliation J. Craig Venter Institute/The Institute for Genomic Research, Microbial Genomics, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

David A Rasko

Address ¤ Current address: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas, United States of America

Affiliation J. Craig Venter Institute/The Institute for Genomic Research, Microbial Genomics, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Galina Kokorina

Affiliation Yersinia Research Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Corinne Fayolle

Affiliation Yersinia Research Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Luther E Lindler

Affiliation Department of Defense, Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Elisabeth Carniel

Affiliation Yersinia Research Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Jacques Ravel

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jravel@jcvi.org

Affiliation J. Craig Venter Institute/The Institute for Genomic Research, Microbial Genomics, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

LEL, EC, and JR conceived and designed the experiments. ME, GK, and CF performed the experiments. ME, MJR, WFF, DAR, EC, and JR analyzed the data. GK and EC contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. ME, MJR, WFF, EC, and JR wrote the paper.